After independence, India successfully established a secular state with diverse cultures, religious traditions and languages. Independent India is unique and does not have the characteristics of a typical nation state. It represents oneness in the hearts of all people despite diversity of various dimensions. After independence, a major problem that the nation had to address was extreme poverty and economic development on all fronts became a major goal. While examining various development aspects, Indian leaders decided to seek economic prosperity through a planned effort. A new body called the Planning Commission was established to systematically create a five-year plan to undertake different programs for economic progress. It was also decided that public sector companies would play a major role in the industrial sector especially in the development of basic industries, such as steel, machine tools, aerospace and others.
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