As India began its endeavors to develop the economy, it faced a variety of problems that created obstacles for smooth progress. Firstly, China invaded India in 1962. Then, Nehru passed away in 1964, temporarily creating a vacuum in leadership. Meanwhile, the continuing trouble with Pakistan took its toll. In addition, bad monsoon rains in successive years meant farmers were unable to feed India’s growing population. About the same time in 1965, the constitutional provision to make Hindi a national language after 15 years became a major issue, especially among non-Hindi-speaking states. The country was at a critical juncture whereby a mistake in this matter could split the country. Fortunately, Prime Minister Shastin took the bold step of extending the role of English as a national language while non-Hindi people were unwilling to accept Hindi. After Shastin died, Indira Ghandi became prime minister. In her initial years, Bangladesh was established as an independent country from Pakistan. More importantly, however, the country adapted Mexican high-yield wheat to Indian growing conditions, solving the country’s food shortage problem.
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