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Creating Cities/Building Cities

Architecture and Urban Competitiveness

Peter K. Kresl and Daniele Ietri

For the past 150 years, architecture has been a significant tool in the hands of city planners and leaders. In Creating Cities/Building Cities, Peter Karl Kresl and Daniele Ietri illustrate how these planners and leaders have utilized architecture to achieve a variety of aims, influencing the situation, perception and competitiveness of their cities.
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Chapter 2: Stimulating the revival of the city

Architecture and Urban Competitiveness

Peter K. Kresl and Daniele Ietri

Extract

History is replete with examples of cities, or urban economies, that have lost the heart of the local economy. This may be the result of the collapse of a single major employer, for example Youngstown with Youngstown Sheet and Tube, or even the collapse of an entire economic sector, for example Pittsburgh and steel or Detroit and automobiles in the 1980s. This chapter focuses on a set of cities that experienced a severe economic downturn or collapse and that then adopted the strategy of recovery through investment in architectural projects, or a single project, that redefined the essence of the city, gave inspiration to its residents and local firms, and gave the city a reputation that extended internationally. There are many examples of this, and the chapter offers a selection.

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