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A World History of Political Thought

J. Babb

A World History of Political Thought is an outstanding and innovative work with profound significance for the study of the history of political thought, providing a wide-ranging, detailed and global overview of political thought from 600 BC to the 21st century. Treating both western and non-western systems of political thought as equal and placing them as they should be; side by side.
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Chapter 3: The first “schools” of political thought (400–250 BC)

J. Babb


Main successors to and opponents of the three foundational thinkers are the subject of this chapter. It covers the major schools of ancient thought including Buddhist, Literati (“Confucianist), Taoist, Legalist, Cynic, and Stoic, and the major figures of early political thought, such as Mencius, Zhuangzi, Aristotle and Plato. These schools and individuals are only be addressed in broad outline because the focus is on putting them in comparative context. It also serves as an introduction to the major ideas and approaches that are developed in subsequent chapters.

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