There has been considerable debate in recent years as to whether the rise in intolerance associated with the growth of populist parties in Europe is a social phenomenon of the ‘losers of globalization’ or a psychological manifestation of individual authoritarianism. Both the social and the psychological determinants of intolerance can, however, be addressed within a perspective which identifies rising social insecurity on the one hand and an authoritarian predisposition on the other as at play, with the former catalysing the latter. The ‘ordo-liberal’ straitjacket of the eurozone and related austerity measures since the financial crisis have only served to increase unemployment and heighten insecurity, while migrants and refugees have provided convenient scapegoats for the projection of blame by the authoritarian Self on to the Other.
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