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Protecting Minority Rights in African Countries

A Constitutional Political Economy Approach

John M. Mbaku

In this enlightening book, John Mukum Mbaku analyses the main challenges of constitutional design and the construction of governance institutions in Africa today. He argues that the central issues are: providing each country with a constitutional order that is capable of successfully managing sectarian conflict and enhancing peaceful coexistence; protecting the rights of citizens – including those of minorities; minimizing the monopolization of political space by the majority (to the detriment of minorities); and, effectively preventing government impunity.
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Abbreviations and acronyms

A Constitutional Political Economy Approach

John M. Mbaku

ABA

American Bar Association

ACS

American Colonization Society

AERC

African Economic Research Consortium (a Nairobi-based African policy think tank and capacity-building nongovernmental organization)

AfDB

African Development Bank

ANC

African National Congress (South African political party)

AV

Alternative vote

CA

Constituent Assembly

CCP

Chinese Communist Party

CIA

Central Intelligence Agency (US security agency)

CODESA

Convention for a Democratic South Africa (a negotiating forum that paved the way for the demise of apartheid in South Africa)

CPDM

Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement (Cameroonian political party)

DPRK

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

DRC

Democratic Republic of Congo

FGM

Female genital mutilation

GDR

German Democratic Republic

IMF

International Monetary Fund

MEND

Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (an umbrella militant group in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria)

MPNP

Multi-Party Negotiation Process (South Africa’s multi-party constitutional negotiation process, which worked to bring an end to apartheid and introduce a new democratic dispensation)

NDI

National Democratic Institute (for International Affairs) (a Washington, D.C.-based nongovernmental organization)

NDP

National Democratic Party (Ghanaian political party)

NPP

New Patriotic Party (Ghanaian political party)

PDCI

Parti démocratique de la Côte d’Ivoire (Ivorian political party)

PR

Proportional representation

RDR

Rassemblement des Républicains (Ivorian political party)

RUF

Revolutionary United Front (a rebel army that fought to overthrow the government of Sierra Leone in a civil war that lasted from 1991 to 2002)

SDF

Social Democratic Front (Cameroonian political party)

SNC

Sovereign National Conference (an African democracy forum)

SPLM

Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (South Sudan political party, which was initially founded as the political wing of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army, SPLA)

SPLM/A-IO

Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-in-Opposition (a political party in South Sudan, which is made up primarily of the Nuer people and which is led by opposition leader, Riek Machar)

TC

Tripartite Conference (a mid-1990s government-organized forum to amend the Cameroon constitution)

TCCM

Technical Committee on Constitutional Matters (a mid-1990s forum to amend the constitution of the Republic of Cameroon)

TGoNU

Transitional Government of National Unity (South Sudan, 2015)

UDHR

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UK

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

UN

United Nations (Organization)

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UPC

Union des populations du Cameroun (Cameroonian political organization that spearheaded the struggle for independence in the UN Trust Territory of Cameroons under French administration)

US

United States (of America)

USA

United States of America