Chapter 4: Scheme and structure of the United Nations Charter
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The maintenance of peace under the Charter system is based on two main elements – a preventive element, provided for in Chapter VI on the peaceful resolution of disputes and Chapter X on economic and social cooperation, and a repressive element based on Chapter VII, which provides for the Security Council’s powers of enforcement. The two elements are respectively rooted in the notions of ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ peace. This chapter looks in detail at these two perspectives while examining the scheme and structure of the UN Charter.

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