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A Guide to State Succession in International Investment Law

Patrick Dumberry

A Guide to State Succession in International Investment Law provides a comprehensive analysis of State succession issues arising in the context of international investment law. The author examines whether a successor State is bound by the investment treaties and State contracts which the predecessor State had signed with other States and foreign investors before the date of succession. Actors who are called upon to apply rules of State succession in investment arbitration cases will find this book a valuable source of practical guidance with strong theoretical foundations.
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TABLE OF CASES

Patrick Dumberry

1. INVESTOR-STATE ARBITRATION ARBITRAL AWARDS

 

Achmea BV v. Slovak Republic, UNCITRAL, PCA Case No. 2008–13 (Number 2), Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility, 20 May 2014    6.14, 6.18

ACP Axos Capital GmbH v. Kosovo, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/22 6.43

Active Partners Group Ltd. v. Republic of South Sudan, PCA Case no 2013/4, Award, 27 January 2016 14.37–14.39

ADC Affiliate Ltd. v. Hungary, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/16, Award, 2 Oct. 2006 6.190, 14.52

Adria Beteiligungs GmbH v. Republic of Croatia, UNCITRAL, Award, 21 June 2010 6.42

Aeroport Belbek LLC and Mr Igor Valerievich Kolomoisky v. Russia, PCA Case No 2015–07 6.173, 6.174, 6.175, 6.178, 6.185, 6.186, 6.203

Alps Finance and Trade AG v. Slovak Republic, UNCITRAL, Award, 5 March 2011 6.15

Amco Asia Corp. and others v. Indonesia [Resubmitted Case], ICSID Case No ARB/81/1, Award, 5 June 1990 14.52

Archer Daniels Midland Company and Tate and Lyle Ingredients Americas, Inc, v. Mexico, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/04/05, Award, 21 November 2007 1.02

Austrian Airlines v. Slovak Republic, UNCITRAL, Final Award, 9 October 2009 6.19

Autopista Concesionada de Venezuela, C.A. v. Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/00/5, 27 September 2001 16.05

Azurix Corp. v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/12, Award, 14 July 2006 14.52

Binder v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Award on Jurisdiction, 6 June 2007 6.12

CEAC Holding Lmt. v. Montenegro, ICSID Case No. ARB/14/8, Award, 26 July 2016 6.41

Ceskoslovenska Obchodni Banka, a.s. v. The Slovak Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/97/4, Decision on Objections to Jurisdiction, 24 May 1999 16.24

CME Czech Republic BV v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Partial Award, 13 September 2001 6.10

Compañiá de Aguas del Aconquija S.A. and Universal v. Argentine Republic (Vivendi II), ICSID Case No ARB/97/3, Decision on Jurisdiction, 14 November 2005 15.05, 16.24

Eastern Sugar BV (Netherlands) v. The Czech Republic, SCC Case No. 088/2004, Partial Award, 27 March 2007 6.11, 6.14

ECE Projektmanagement & Kommanditgesellschaft PANTA Achtundsechzigste Grundstücksgesellschaft mbH & Co. v. The Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, PCA Case No. 2010–5, Award, 19 September 2013 6.20, 6.27

Emilio Agustín Maffezini v. Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/97/7, Award, 25 January 2000 11.02

EnCana Corporation v. Republic of Ecuador, LCIA Case No. UN3481, UNCITRAL, Award, 3 February 2006 16.53

European American Investment Bank AG (EURAM) v. Slovak Republic, UNCITRAL, Award on Jurisdiction, 22 October 2012 6.21–6.26

European Media Ventures SA v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Award on Jurisdiction, 15 May 2007 6.15

Everest Estate LLC et al. v. Russia, PCA Case No 2015–36, Decision on Jurisdiction 6.173, 6.174, 6.175, 6.178, 6.185, 6.186, 6.203

Franz Sedelmayer v. Russian Federation, SCC, Award, 7 July 1998 6.30

Frontier Petroleum Services Ltd. v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Final Award, 12 November 2010 6.09

Georg Nepolsky v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL (filed under the Germany-Czechoslovakia BIT) 6.06

Gustav F W Hamester GmbH & Co KG v. Republic of Ghana, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/24, Award, 18 June 2010 6.177, 6.194

Hassan Awdi, Enterprise Business Consultants, Inc. and Alfa El Corporation v. Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/13, Award, 2 March 2015 10.14

HICEE BV v. Slovak Republic, UNCITRAL, PCA Case No. 2009–11, Partial Award, 23 May 2011 4.38, 6.15

Hulley Enterprises Ltd. (Cyprus) v. Russia, UNCITRAL, PCA Case No. Aa 226, Interim Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility, 30 November 2009 16.22, 16.53

Inceysa Vallisoletana, S.L. v. El Salvador, ICSID Case No ARB/03/26, Award, 2 August 2006 6.194

InterTrade Holding GmbH v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, PCA, Final Award, 29 May 2012 6.09

Invesmart v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Award, 26 June 2009 6.18

Ioan Micula, Viorel Micula, S.C. European Food S.A., S.C. Starmill S.R.L. and S.C. Multipack S.R.L v. Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/20, Decision on Jurisdiction and Admissibility, 24 September 2008 6.177, 16.20

Jan Oostergetel and Theodora Laurentius v. Slovak Republic, UNCITRAL, Decision on Jurisdiction, 30 April 2010 6.15

Konsortium Oeconomismus v. Czech Republic (filed under the Switzerland-Czechoslovakia BIT) 6.06

Lao Holdings NV v. Lao People’s Democratic Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/12/6 6.49, 6.73

LG&E Energy Corp., LG&E Capital Corp., and LG&E International, Inc. v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/1, Decision on Liability, 3 October 2006 6.190

Limited Liability Company Lugzor, Limited Liability Company Libset, Limited Liability Company Ukrinterinvest, Public Joint Stock Company DniproAzot, Limited Liability Company Aberon Ltd. v. Russia, PCA Case No 2015–29 6.173

Metal-Tech Ltd. v. Republic of Uzbekistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/3, Award, 4 October 2013 6.177, 6.194

Methanex Corporation v. United States, UNCITRAL, Award, 3 August 2005 6.192

MNSS BV and Recupero Credito Acciaio NV v. Montenegro, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/12/8, Award, 4 May 2016 6.41

Mytilineos Holdings SA v. State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and Republic of Serbia, UNCITRAL, Partial Award on Jurisdiction, 8 September 2006 6.36–6.40, 15.04, 15.09

NJSC Naftogaz of Ukraine, PJSC State Joint Stock Company Chornomornaftogaz, PJSC Ukrtransgaz, Subsidiary Company Likvo, PJSC Ukrgasvydobuvannya, PJSC Ukrtransnafta, and Subsidiary Company Gaz Ukraiiny v. Russia, SCC Arbitration Rules 6.173, 6.174

Occidental Exploration and Production Company v. The Republic of Ecuador, ICSID Case No. Arb/06/11, Award, 5 October 2012 14.52

Oko Pankki Oyj Vtb Bank (Deutschland) AG Sampo Bank PLC v. Estonia, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/6, Award, 19 November 2007 10.14

Oschadbank v. Russia, UNCITRAL 6.173, 6.174

Peter Franz Vocklinghaus v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Award, 26 June 2009 6.09

Phoenix Action, Ltd. v. Czech Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/5, Award, 15 April 2009 6.137

PJSC CB PrivatBank and Finance Company Finilon LLC v. Russia, PCA Case No. 2015–21 6.173, 6.174, 6.175, 6.178, 6.185, 6.186, 6.203

PJSC Ukrnafta (Ukraine) v. Russia, PCA Case No 2015–34 6.173, 6.174, 6.175, 6.178, 6.185, 6.186, 6.203

Plama Consortium Ltd. v. Bulgaria, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/24, Award, 27 August 2008 6.194

Plama Consortium Ltd. v. Republic of Bulgaria, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/24, Decision on Jurisdiction, 8 February 2005 6.134

Renta 4 S.V.S.A, Ahorro Corporación Emergentes F.I., Ahorro Corporación Eurofondo F.I., Rovime Inversiones SICAV S.A., Quasar de Valors SICAV S.A., Orgor de Valores SICAV S.A., GBI 9000 SICAV S.A. v. Russian Federation, SCC No. 24/2007, Award on Preliminary Objections, 20 March 2009 6.29

Ronald S. Lauder v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Final Award, 3 September 2001 6.08

RosInvestCo UK Ltd. v. Russian Federation, SCC Case No. V079/2005, Award on Jurisdiction, 1 October 2007 6.31, 6.32

Saluka Investments BV v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Decision on Jurisdiction over the Czech Republic’s Counterclaim, 7 May 2004 4.22, 6.16

Saluka Investments BV v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Partial Award, 17 March 2006 6.17, 6.190, 14.52

Sanum Investments Ltd. v. Laos, UNCITRAL, PCA Case No 2013–13, Award on Jurisdiction, 13 December 2013 1.04, 5.09, 5.10, 5.11, 5.12, 5.14, 5.16, 5.17, 5.81, 5.82, 5.83, 5.85, 6.48–6.60, 6.62, 6.91, 6.92, 6.96, 6.149

Sanum Investments Ltd. v. Lao People’s Democratic Republic, PCA Case No. 2013–13, Settlement Agreement, 15 June 2014 1.05, 1.13, 6.73

SGS Société Générale de Surveillance S.A. v. Pakistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/13, Award on Jurisdiction, 6 August 2003 11.06

Soufraki v. United Arab Emirates, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/07, Award, 7 July 2004 16.21

Soufraki v. United Arab Emirates, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/07, Decision on Annulment, 5 June 2007 16.21

Stabil LLC, Rubenor LLC, Rustel LLC, Novel-Estate LLC, PII Kirovograd-Nafta LLC, Crimea-Petrol LLC, Pirsan LLC, Trade-Trust LLC, Elefteria LLC, VKF Satek LLC, Stemv Group LLC v. Russia, PCA Case No 2015–35 6.173, 6.174, 6.175, 6.178, 6.185, 6.186, 6.203

The Loewen Group, Inc and Raymond L. Loewen v. United States of America, ICSID Case No. ARB (AF)/98/3, Award, 26 June 2003 16.24, 16.27, 16.28–16.36, 16.41, 16.49, 16.53

The United States of America v. The Islamic Republic of Iran, Award, IUSCT Case No. B36 (574-B36–2), 3 December 1996 1.27

Tza Yap Shum v. The Republic of Peru, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/6, Decision on Jurisdiction and Competence, 19 June 2009 6.63, 16.20

Urbaser S.A. and Consorcio de Aguas Bilbao Bizkaia, Bilbao Biskaia Ur Partzuergoa v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/26, Award, 8 December 2016 6.134, 6.135

US Steel Global Holdings I. BV v. Slovak Republic, UNCITRAL, PCA Case No. 2013–6 (filed under the Netherlands-Czechoslovakia BIT) 6.06

Victor Pey Casado and President Allende Foundation v. Republic of Chile, ICSID Case No. ARB/98/2, Award, 8 May 2008 16.25

Vladimir Berschader and Moïse Berschander v. Russian Federation, SCC Case No. 080/2004, Award, 21 April 2006 6.33

Voltaic Network GmbH v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL (filed under the Germany-Czechoslovakia BIT) 6.06

Waguih Elie George Siag and Clorinda Vecchi v. Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/15, Decision on Jurisdiction, 11 April 2007 16.26

Waguih Elie George Siag and Clorinda Vecchi v. The Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/15, Award, 1 June 2009 16.26

William Nagel v. Czech Republic, SCC Case No. 049/2002, Award, 9 September 2003 6.15

Wintershall Aktiengesellschaft v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/14, Award, 8 December 2008 7.177

World Duty Free Co. Ltd. v. Kenya, ICSID Case No ARB (AF)/00/7, Award, 4 October 2006) 6.194

World Wide Minerals Ltd. and Mr. Paul A. Carroll, QC v. Kazakhstan, UNCITRAL, Award, 19 October 2015 1.04, 2.15, 3.21, 3.44, 4.03, 4.38, 4.41, 4.45, 6.34, 6.48

Zeevi Holdings v. Bulgaria and the Privatization Agency of Bulgaria, UNCITRAL Case No UNC 39/DK, Final Award, 25 October 2006 15.18

2. ICJ AND PCIJ CASES

 

Accordance with International Law of the Unilateral Declaration of Independence in Respect of Kosovo, Advisory Opinion, ICJ Rep 2010403 6.105. 6.112

Advisory Opinion No. 6, Certain Questions Relating to Settlers of German Origin in the Territory Ceded by Germany to Poland, 1923 P.C.I.J. (ser. B) No. 6, para. 86, at 36 (Sept. 10) 10.09, 13.29, 13.30–13.32

Anglo-Iranian Oil Company case (United Kingdom v. Iran), preliminary objection, Judgment of 22 July 1952, ICJ Rep 1952, 112 11.06

Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro), Preliminary Objections, Judgment of 11 July 1996, ICJ Rep 1996 1.26, 7.03. 7.04, 10.15

Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro), Judgment 26 February 2007, ICJ Rep 2007 1.49

Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Preliminary Objections (Bosnia-Herzegovina v. Yugoslavia), Judgement of 11 July 1996, ICJ Rep 1996 10.14

Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Croatia v. Serbia), Judgment of 3 February 2015, ICJ Rep 2015 13.11

Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russian Federation), Provisional Measures, Order of 15 October 2008, ICJ Rep 2008 6.27, 6.167

Case Concerning Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Croatia v. Serbia), Preliminary Objections, Judgment, 18 November 2008, ICJ Rep 2008 4.11–4.14, 13.11

Case Concerning the Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000 (Democratic Republic of Congo v. Belgium), 14 February 2002, ICJ Rep 2002 15.03

Case Concerning the Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company, Limited (Second Phase) (Belgium v. Spain), Judgment of 5 February 1970, ICJ Rep 1970 16.10, 16.11, 16.40, 16.50

Case Concerning the Frontier Dispute (Burkina Faso v. Mali), ICJ Rep 1986 10.06

Fisheries Jurisdiction case (United Kingdom v. Iceland), ICJ Rep 1974 10.06

Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary v. Slovakia), Judgment, ICJ Rep 1997 7.03, 14.40

German Interests in Polish Upper Silesia (Germany v. Poland), PCIJ Series A, No. 7, 22 13.32

Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany v. Italy: Greece intervening), Judgment, ICJ Rep 2012 6.132

Legal Consequences for States of the Continued Presence of South-Africa in Namibia (South-West Africa) notwithstanding Security Council Resolution 276 (1970) (Advisory Opinion) ICJ Rep 197116 6.138, 6.193

Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Advisory Opinion, ICJ Rep 2004 6.117, 6.138, 6.167, 6.199

Legal Status of Eastern Greenland (Norway v. Denmark), PCIJ Series A/B, No. 53, 29 (1933) 6.114

Lighthouse Case between France and Greece, Judgment of 17 March 1934, PCIJ Series A/B, no. 62 12.11, 13.01, 13.29, 13.36–13.39

Lighthouses in Crete and Samos, PCIJ Series A/B, no. 71 13.29, 13.36, 13.40–13.42

Mavrommatis Palestine Concessions, PCIJ Series A, no. 2 13.29, 13.33–13.35, 16.37, 16.40

Nationality Decrees in the Tunis and Morocco Case, PCIJ Series B, no. 4, 1923 16.21

North Sea Continental Shelf Cases (Federal Republic of Germany v. Denmark / Federal Republic of Germany v. Netherlands), ICJ Rep 31969, 8 10.06

Nottebohm Case (Liechtenstein v. Guatemala) ICJ Rep. 1955, 4 16.11

Nuclear Tests (New Zealand v. France), Judgment, ICJ Rep. 1974, 457 4.10

Panevezys-Saldutiskis Railway case, Judgment of 28 February 1939, PCIJ Series A/B, no. 76 16.37, 16.39, 16.43, 16.45

Reparations for Injuries Suffered in the Service of the United Nations, Advisory Opinion, ICJ Rep. 1947 6.133

3. OTHER ARBITRAL AWARDS

 

Administrative Decision No. 1, Tripartite Claims Commission, 25 May 1927, 6 UNRIAA 203 13.58

Administrative Decision No. V, United States-German Mixed Claims Commission, 31 October 1924, 7 UNRIAA 16.39, 16.45, 16.50

Affaire Goldenberg (Allemagne contre Roumanie) 27 September 1928, 2 UNRIAA 13.32

Affaire de la dette publique ottomane, 18 April 1925, 1 UNRIAA 1.26

Affaire des biens britanniques au Maroc Espagnol (Great-Britain v. Spain), case no. 36 ‘Benchiton’, 29 December 1924, 2 UNRIAA 16.41

Affaire des chemins de fer Zeltweg-Wolfsberg et Unterdrauburg-Woellan (Autriche et Yougoslavie, October 1933, 6 August 1934, 12 May 1934 and 29 June 1938, 3 UNRIAA 13.61, 13.62

Affaire des Forêts du Rhodope Central (Fond), 29 March 1933, 3 UNRIAA 13.29, 13.50–13.52

Ambatielos Claim (Greece v. United Kingdom), 6 March 1956, 12 UNRIAA 83 14.49

Arnold & Foster Ltd. v. J.W. Erkens, U.K.-Germany Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, 13 & 20 October 1926, in : 6 Recueil des décisions des tribunaux arbitraux mixtes, 606 14.49

Barcs-Pakrac Railway Case, 11 UNRIAA 1569 13.60, 13.61

Benjamin R. Isaiah v. Bank Mellat, Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, Award No. 35–219–2, 30 March 1983, in: 2 Iran-US C.T.R. 232 14.49

Burroughs Wellcome & Co. v. Chemische Fabrik auf Actien, Great-Britain-Germany Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, 19 January 1926, 6 Recueil des décisions des tribunaux arbitraux mixtes 14.45

Claim of Finnish Shipowners against Great Britain in respect of the Use of Certain Finnish Vessels During the War (Finland v. United Kingdom), 9 May 1934, 3 UNRIAA 16.47

Compagnie d’Enterprises CFE SA v. Yemen, ICC Case no 7748/BGD/OLG, Interim Decision, 30 June 1995 13.69

Compagnie d’Enterprises CFE SA v. Yemen, ICC Case no 7748/BGD/OLG, Final Award, 26 September 1997 13.70

Dickson Car Wheel Co. (United States) v. United Mexican States, U.S.-Mexico General Claims Commission, July 1931, 4 UNRIAA 14.46, 14.49

Elf Aquitaine Iran v. National Iranian Oil Company, Preliminary Award, 14 January 1982 15.18

Emeric Koranyi and Mme. Ernest Dengcjel (née Koranyi) v. Romanian State, Hungary-Romania Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, Award, 27 February 1929, in: 8 Recueil des décisions des tribunaux arbitraux mixtes 980; (1929–1930) Annual Digest 64 14.55

Flexi-Van Leasing, Inc. v. Islamic Republic of Iran, Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, Award no. 259–36–1, 13 October 1986, in: 12 Iran-US C.T.R. 335 14.44, 14.46, 14.47

Island of Palmas (United States v. Netherlands), PCA, 4 April 1928, 2 UNRIAA 829 6.114

Landreau Arbitration (US v. Peru), (1948) 1 UNRIAA 347 14.49

Lena Goldfields Ltd. v. USSR, Award of 1930, in: The Times, 3 September 1930 14.49

Lighthouse Arbitration case, 24/27 July 1956, 12 UNRIAA 1.40, 13.29, 13.43–13.49, 13.55, 14.02, 14.10, 14.33, 14.56

Pablo Nájera (France) v. United Mexican States, France-Mexico Claims Commission, Decision no. 30-A, 19 October 1928, 5 UNRIAA 466 16.45, 16.47

R.E. Brown (United States v. Great Britain), 23 November 1923, 6 UNRIAA 13.96, 13.101, 13.103–13.109

Schlegel Corp. v. National Iranian Copper Industries Co., Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, Award No. 295–834–2, 27 March 1987, 14 Iran-U.S. C.T.R. 176 14.45, 14.49

Sea-Land Service, Inc. v. The Islamic Republic of Iran, et al., Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, Award No. 115–33–1, 22 June 1984, in: 6 Iran-U.S. C.T.R. 168–169 14.42, 14.44, 14.45, 14.46, 14.48, 14.49, 14.71

Société CIC International Ltd. v. Ministre de la Défense de la République d’Allemagne, Cour d’appel de Paris (1Ch. C), 19 January 1999, (1999) Rev. arb. 601 13.73, 13.74, 15.06

Société des Grands Travaux de Marseille v. East Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation, Award, ICC Case No. 1803, 1972, in : Collection of ICC Arbitral Awards, 1974–1985, 40 15.17–15.30

Sopron-Koszeg Railway Company v. Austria and Hungary, 2 UNRIAA 961 13.57–13.60

Spanish Zone Morocco Case (Gr. Brit. v. Spain), (1949) 2 UNRIAA 616 14.49

Sucrerie de Roustchouk v. État Hongrois, Belgian-Hungarian Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, 29 October 1925, in : 5 Recueil des décisions des tribunaux arbitraux mixtes 772 14.44, 14.45, 14.49

Sudden & Christenson, Inc. v. U.S. (1940) 34 AJIL 737 14.49

Thomas C. Baker Arbitration, in: J.B. Moore, History and Digest of the International Arbitrations to which the United States has been a Party, vol IV (GPO 1898) 14.44, 14.45, 14.49

Union Bridge Co. (United States) v. Great Britain, United States-Great Britain Arbitral Tribunal, 8 January 1924, 6 UNRIAA 138

United States of America v. The Islamic Republic of Iran, Award, IUSCT Case No. B36 (574-B36–2), 3 December 1996 1.27

William A. Parker (United States) v. Mexico, U.S.-Mexico General Claims Commission, 31 March 1926, in: 4 UNRIAA 35 14.45, 14.49

4. DOMESTIC COURT DECISIONS

 

Case no. 20b69/92, 16 Dec. 1992, Supreme Court of Austria 4.28

Compagnie Noga d’Importation et d'Exportation SA v. Russian Federation, Appeal judgment, 361 F.3d 676 (2d Cir. 2004), ILDC 840 (US 2004), 16 March 2004 13.12

Compagnie Noga d’Importation et d'Exportation SA v. Russian Federation, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, Decision, 19 September 2002, in: (2002) 17(10) Mealey's IAR C-1; (2003) Bull. ASA, 147 13.12

Crépet v. Etat belge et Société des forces hydro-électriques de la colonie, Civil Tribunal of Brussels, 30 January 1962, in (1962) Journal des tribunaux 242 13.87

Czario v. Valentinis, Italian Court of Cassation, 15 October 1927, in Foro delle nuove provinzie, 1927, 311–314, (1927–1928) Annual Digest, Case 52 13.26

Demol v. Etat belge, in (1964) Journal des tribunaux 603 13.87

Graffowa and Wolanowski v. Polish Ministry of Agriculture and State Lands (1923) Supreme Court of Poland, Zb. O.S.N. 1923, No. 30; O.S.P., III., No. 230, (1923–1924) Annual Digest case no. 26 13.14

Lao People’s Republic v. Sanum Investments Ltd. Singapore High Court, Judgment, [2015] SGHC 15 1.04, 6.61, 6.62, 6.64–6.71, 6.91, 6.93, 6.149

Maintenance of a School in Slovakia Case (1935) Supreme Court of Czechoslovakia, in Collection Vazny 14785 civ. (1938–1940) Annual Digest 102 13.14

Military Pensions (Austria) Case, Austrian Constitutional Court, 7 May 1919, case no. 126, in Sammlung der Erkenntniss des österreichischen Verfassungsgerichtshofes, vol I (1919), no. 9, p. 17, in (1919–1922) Annual Digest 66    13.58

Minister of Defence, Namibia v. Mwandinghi, 25 October 1991, in: 1992 (2) SA 355 (NmS), in: 91 ILR 358 13.89

Mwandinghi v. Minister of Defence, Namibia, 14 December 1990, in: 1991 (1) SA 851 (Nm), in: 91 ILR 343 13.89–13.92

Niedzielskie v. (Polish) Treasury, Poland, Supreme Court, 13 October 1926, in: Rw. III, 1485/26/I; (1925–26) 3 Annual Digest 74 13.14, 14.60

Niemiec and Niemiec v. Bialobrodziec and Polish State Treasury, Supreme Court of Poland, Third Division, 20 February 1923, in (1923–1924) 2 Annual Digest, at 64 13.14

Nisyros Mines Case, Greece, Council of State, 1952 in: (1954) 7 RHDI, 274, (1952) ILR, 135 13.26–13.28

Olpinski v. Polish Treasury (Railway Division), Supreme Court of Poland, Third Division, 16 April 1921, in O.S.P., I, no. 15; (1919–1922) Annual Digest 63 13.14

(Polish) States Treasury v. Osten, Supreme Court of Poland, 9 June 1922 in (1919–1922) 1 Annual Digest, case no. 37 13.14

Re Secession of Québec, Supreme Court of Canada, (1998), 2 SCR 217 6.110, 6.111, 6.113, 8.01

Republic of Serbia v. ImageSat International NV, High Court of Justice, Queen's Bench Division, Commercial Court, [2009] EWHC 2853 (Comm), 16 November 2009 13.07–13.12

Roselius and Company of Bremen in Germany (plaintiff) v. (1) Dr. Ch.F. Karsten, Advocate of Huizen in Holland (defendant); (2) The Turkish Republic at Angora (intervener), District Court of Amsterdam, 1925, in: (1925–1926) Annual Digest no. 26 1.40

Russian Federation v. Pied-Rich BV, S & S (1993) No. 93 (Neth. Ct. App. 1992), in (1993) 24 Netherland ILR 356 13.05–13.06

Russian Federation v. Pied-Rich BV, S & S (1993) No. 91 (Neth. Sup. Ct. 1993), in (1994) 25 Netherland ILR 512 13.05–13.06

Samos (Liability for Torts) Case, Greece, Court of the Aegean Islands, 1924, N° 27, in: 35 Thémis 294; (1923–1924) Annual Digest 70 14.33

Sanum Investments Ltd. v. Government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Court of Appeal, Judgement, 29 September 2016, [2016] SGCA 57 1.04, 5.07, 5.09, 5.10, 5.15, 6.74–6.90, 6.91, 6.92, 6.97, 6.98, 6.149

Société des Grands Travaux de Marseille v. East Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation, Swiss Federal Supreme Court (Tribunal Fédéral), Decision, May 5, 1976, in (1980) Yearbook Commercial Arbitration 217 15.29, 15.30

Svenska Petroleum Exploration AB v. Lithuania [2006] EWCA Civ 755 15.18

Verlengo v. Finance Department, Court of Cassation at Florence, 1878, in: Giurisprudenza Italiana, 3rd Series, vol 30, Pt. 1, Sec. 1, column 1206 13.24

Vereeniqing Municipality v. Vereeniging Estates Ltd. 1919, Supreme Court of South Africa, Transvaal Provincial Division, (1919) South African LR159; (1919–1922) Annual Digest Case 33 13.101

West Rand Central Gold Mining Co. Ltd. v. The King, King’s Bench, (1905) 2 K.B. 391, in Clive Parry, British International Law Cases, vol II (Stevens 1965) 283 13.101

Yemen v. Compagnie d’Enterprises CFE SA, District Court of Nicosia, Application for annulment, 12 December 1999 13.69, 14.73

Yemen v. Compagnie d’Enterprises CFE SA, Cyprus Supreme Court, 8 June 2002, No 10717 13.69, 13.70, 13.71, 13.72, 15.08

Zilberszpic v. (Polish) Treasury, Supreme Court of Poland, First Division, 14 December 1928, Zb. O.S.N., 1928, no. 190; (1927–1928) 4 Annual Digest 82 14.57

5. OTHERS

 

Bijelic v. Montenegro and Serbia, ECtHR, Application no. 11890/05, Judgment, 18 April 2009 14.33

Coastal State Rights in the Black Sea, Sea of Azov, and Kerch Strait (Ukraine v. the Russian Federation), UNCLOS, PCA case no. 2017–06 6.204

Commission of the European Communities v. Kingdom of Sweden (Case C-249/06), European Court of Justice, 3 March 2009 3.08

Cyprus v. Turkey, ECtHR, Application no. 25781/94, Merits, 10 May 2001 6.204

‘Prisoners of War’, Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission, Eritrea’s claim no. 17, Partial Award, in: 35 ILR, 2003; ‘Central Front’, Ethiopia’s claim no. 4, Partial Award, in: 35 ILR, 2003 p. 261    7.07