Chapter 10: Framing competing and connected interests in public-private initiatives
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Chapter 10 reviews competing and connected interests in public–private initiatives, including whether PPIs may be solution vehicles to help reconcile public and private interest, or at least moderate them within a cooperation framework. The chapter also reviews how those interests are connected, particularly in terms of financing instruments. Multilateral bank instruments are introduced, including grant, loan, guarantee and equity investment programs with a snapshot of some variations for cultural and regional preferences.

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