Chapter 2: Ports and ships
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This chapter focuses on ports and ships, or the maritime industry, as simultaneously facilitating the global mobility of commodities, and as a vastly changing mobility sector by itself, thus reflecting the extensive growth in the global flow of commodities. The transitions in both transport systems and transported commodities is shown to be tied to the system of global cities. Hence, the following dimensions of maritime geography are explored in the chapter: general features of the global maritime transport system; factors, processes and patterns for port development; transitions within ports; port cities and global cities; and networks and systems of shipping lines. Following the elaborations on ports and shipping, some attention is devoted to an additional infrastructure, which is used for global trade, namely marine international pipelines, constructed for the transmission of liquids and gas.

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