Chapter 2: The spirit of the Enlightenment
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This chapter compares three approaches to social injustice: the economic approach to inequality, which involves combating global inequality through large-scale redistribution policies; transformative political ecology, which proposes to redirect the welfare state away from productivism and towards a general ethics of care; the analysis of value conflicts (“ethical dilemmas”) in the professional sphere, which inspired this book. The chapter presents them and compares them, while showing that they have developed against a backdrop of controversy dating back to the Enlightenment era.

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