In this chapter the book suggests four frames of justice, which are themselves intended as normative supports to help male and female workers overcome the value conflicts they may encounter in their day-to-day activity. The frames of justice are the following: ethics of discussion (Jürgen Habermas, Nancy Fraser), ethics of compromise (Laurent Thévenot and Luc Boltanski, Yves Clot), ethics of development (Amartya Sen, Martha Nussbaum) and ethics of recognition (Axel Honneth, Christophe Dejours, Judith Butler). In as didactic a manner as possible, the chapter examines the most salient characteristics of each frame of justice, and looks at the attention they give to work itself. It attempts to demonstrate how each of them provides the elements of a common language, in other words a set of rules or criteria for identifying and overcoming ethical dilemmas in the workplace. The chapter ends with a comparative overview of these supports, which will be “tested” in several practical case studies in the following chapter.
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