Working-Time Changes
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Working-Time Changes

Social Integration Through Transitional Labour Markets

Edited by Jacqueline O’Reilly, Inmaculada Cebrián and Michel Lallement

Drawing on both quantitative longitudinal panel study data and qualitative case study material, the authors (whose expertise is drawn from the fields of economics, sociology and law) provide an original perspective on the nature and implications of Transitional Labour Markets in Spain, Sweden, Ireland, Britain, Germany, France and The Netherlands.
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Chapter 7: Peripheral labour in peripheral markets? Mobility and working time within transitional labour markets among women in Ireland and Spain

Inmaculada Cebrián, Vanessa Gash, Gloria Moreno, Philip J. O’Connell and Luis Toharia


Inmaculada Cebrián, Vanessa Gash, Gloria Moreno, Philip J. O’Connell and Luis Toharia 1 INTRODUCTION While the persistence of mass unemployment and the associated problems that accumulate have long been a favoured subject of social scientific analysis, as yet there is no consensus regarding a solution. Schmid’s (1998) theory of Transitional Labour Markets (TLMs) provides an alternative conception of full employment based on current and emerging patterns of increased flexibility in the organization of work over the working week and over the life cycle. TLM theory, grounded in ideals of citizenship and social rights, adopts the view that employment is a basic human right. Unemployment is thus viewed as exclusionary, as a denial of the right to employment and as potentially leading to social disintegration. Full employment within TLMs is not conceived in terms of traditional forms of employment (stable, full-time employment) rather employment is viewed as a constant dynamic of production across various social systems, covering paid and unpaid labour. Thus, TLM theory reconceives employment as a dynamic of production, covering transitions between employment, training, self-employment and dependent employment. The new dynamism that TLMs could facilitate would have to operate within the context of constant skill acquisition on behalf of the agent if transitions between different systems are to be successful or even possible. Whilst a growing economy is important for the generation of employment, the majority of work to be created for the unemployed – to achieve the objective of full employment – is to be provided through employment...

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