Pricing in Road Transport
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Pricing in Road Transport

A Multi-Disciplinary Perspective

Edited by Erik Verhoef, Michiel Bliemer, Linda Steg and Bert van Wee

Transport pricing is high on the political agenda throughout the world, but as the authors illustrate, governments seeking to implement this often face challenging questions and significant barriers. The associated policy and research questions cannot always be addressed adequately from a mono-disciplinary perspective. This book shows how a multi-disciplinary approach may lead to new types of analysis and insights, contributing to a better understanding of the intricacies of transport pricing and eventually to a potentially more effective and acceptable design of such policies. The study addresses important policy and research themes such as the possible motives for introducing road transport pricing and potential conflicts between these motives, behavioural responses to transport pricing for households and firms, the modelling of transport pricing, and the acceptability of pricing.
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Chapter 4: Travellers’ Responses to Road Pricing: Value of Time, Schedule Delay and Unreliability

Dirk van Amelsfort, Piet Bovy, Michiel Bliemer and Barry Ubbels


1 Dirk van Amelsfort, Piet Bovy, Michiel Bliemer and Barry Ubbels 4.1 INTRODUCTION In recent years considerable attention has been paid to the influence of travel-time unreliability on the choice behaviour of travellers. It is clear that the unreliability of travel time influences different choices of travellers such as mode choice, departure-time choice and route choice. These travel choices are also influenced by the introduction of road pricing, the general topic of this book. The behavioural changes as a result of road pricing are likely to cause changes in network performance, thus influencing traveltime unreliability. Our overall objective of research is to investigate and model the behavioural responses and network effects of time-varying roadpricing measures. To that end, empirical data were collected about the choice behaviour of commuters, and different choice models were estimated. This chapter focuses on how the travel-time unreliability can be taken into account in departure-time choice models and investigates how resulting values of travel time and travel-time reliability, and values of scheduling delay components compare with values found elsewhere. The aim of this chapter is to contribute to the current discussion about modelling choice behaviour, including travel-time unreliability, by presenting results from different models estimated on recently collected stated choice data from Dutch commuters. The research discussed in this chapter provides useful new insights into a relatively unknown concept (at least for the Dutch situation), and updates the value of time for an important target group (that is,...

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