Environmental Protection in China
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Environmental Protection in China

Land-Use Management

Edited by Jeff Bennett, Xuehong Wang and Lei Zhang

Faced with intensified environmental degradation and decreased agricultural land productivity, the Chinese government has sought policy interventions to reverse both of these negative trends. Among the policy instruments is the Conversion of Cropland to Forest and Grassland Program (CCFGP) that aims to change the pattern of agricultural land use in 25 provinces and autonomous regions across China. This book provides the most comprehensive assessment of the CCFGP undertaken to date. It allows the consideration of fundamental questions pertaining to the sustainability of the land use changes brought about by the CCFGP, its cost effectiveness and the prospects for policy evolution. Contributions from a wide range of economists and scientists in the book provide policymakers in the Chinese government with relevant information with which to pursue more effectively agro-environmental goals.
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Chapter 7: Non-market Values of Environmental Changes

Xuehong Wang, Jeff Bennett, Chen Xie and Zhitao Zhang


Xuehong Wang, Jeff Bennett, Chen Xie and Zhitao Zhang INTRODUCTION The Conversion of Cropland to Forest and Grassland Program (CCFGP) provides a mix of market and non-market environmental goods and services. The non-market goods and services contribute positively to human well-being and warrant inclusion in policy analyses of the Program. While the market values can be inferred through market transactions – such as more tree crop and grass production as shown in Chapter 4 – the non-market values, especially the non-use values, must be estimated using stated preference techniques. In this chapter, a range of the non-market values derived from the CCFGP were estimated using the choice modelling (CM) technique. The CM technique allows environmental changes to be disaggregated into relevant ‘attributes’, such as landscape aesthetics and biodiversity, and marginal values for each attribute to be estimated. The value estimates of the multidimensional situational changes thus derived are useful in the future design of the CCFGP. Since the inception of the Program, better ‘targeting’ of land to be revegetated has been advocated in a number of studies (Xu, Tao and Xu 2003; Uchida, Xu and Rozelle 2005). In particular, plots that have the highest environmental marginal benefits and the lowest marginal opportunity costs should be selected. With information on the values of each attribute, different environmental changes arising from specific areas of revegetated land can be evaluated. The CM technique also allows increased flexibility in analysis and facilitates benefit transfer (Rolfe and Bennett 2006), and offers the potential to...

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