A Grand Design for Peace and Reconciliation
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A Grand Design for Peace and Reconciliation

Achieving Kyosei in East Asia

Edited by Yoichiro Murakami and Thomas J. Schoenbaum

Scholars from Japan and a range of other countries explore in this book the still-unfinished effort to achieve the reconciliation of old enmities left over from past wars in East Asia. They present concrete policy proposals for a ‘grand design’ of peace based on the Japanese concept of ‘kyosei’, a word roughly translated as ‘conviviality’. A positive peace through kyosei means not only the absence of violence, but also the amelioration of past injustices, exploitation and oppression. The diversity of disciplines represented in the volume—international law and politics, history, philosophy and theology – enrich the contributors’ search for an intellectually appropriate, practically transformative and viable grand theory of peace in the twenty-first century. Chapters address issues such as security in North–South conflict situations, foreign policy strategies for Japan, the perspective of comparative religions, and current skepticism for the possibility of peace and reconciliation. These insightful and compelling analyses will be of great interest to students and researchers of East Asia and the politics of peace in general.
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Chapter 1: The Birth of Arts: An Example of Functional Tolerance in Society

Yoichiro Murakami


Yoichiro Murakami 1. INTRODUCTION I have attempted to show that in order to build a grand theory of peace, security and kyosei (or conviviality), which is the main title of the ongoing International Christian University academic project,1 one of the key concepts is functional tolerance.2 This concept can be applied to both individuals and society. The aim of this chapter is to present a case study demonstrating how societal tolerance works toward the security of society, particularly in our time. 2. SCIENCE AND SCIENTISTS It is understood that modern science started in 17th century Europe. Historians of science such as Alexandre Koyre and Herbert Butterfield proposed the idea of a Scientific Revolution, which was supposed to have begun in the middle of the 16th century and more or less ended by the end of the 17th century. During this period, classical Aristotelian, Ptolemaic, Galenic and Islamic theories on nature were replaced by the Copernican heliocentric model, Harvey’s blood circulation theory, Keplerian planetary studies, Galilean kinematic theory and Newtonian mechanics.3 As these latter theories are basically accepted in our modern sciences, this takingover shift has been called the Scientific Revolution, and it triggered the birth of modern science. Most of the members of the scientific community of the history of science are now in accord with this interpretation of history. As a historian of science, I am not in accord with this interpretation.4 It seems to be too simplistic in identifying what Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo and...

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