# Famous Figures and Diagrams in Economics

## Edited by Mark Blaug and Peter Lloyd

### Monograph Book

- Published in print:
- 29 Oct 2010

- ISBN:
- 9781848441606

- eISBN:
- 9781849806466

- Pages:
- 488

- Famous Figures and Diagrams in Economics
- Copyright
- Contents
- Figures
- Contributors
- Acknowledgements
- Introduction
- Basic Tools of Demand and Supply Curve Analysis
- Chapter 1: Marshallian Cross Diagrams
- Chapter 2: The Stability of Equilibrium
- Chapter 3: Indifference Curves and Isoquants
- Chapter 4: The Elasticity of Substitution
- Chapter 5: Substitution and Income Effects
- Chapter 6: Engel Curves
- Chapter 7: Homothetic Production and Utility Functions
- Chapter 8: Long-run and Short-run Cost Curves
- Chapter 9: The Product Exhaustion Theorem
- Chapter 10: Classification of Technical Change
- Chapter 11: Nash Equilibrium
- Welfare Economics
- Chapter 12: Consumer Surplus
- Chapter 13: The Harberger Triangle
- Chapter 14: Community Indifference Curves and the Scitovsky ‘Paradox’
- Chapter 15: The Taxation of External Costs
- Chapter 16: Monopoly and Price Discrimination
- Chapter 17: Duopoly Reaction Curves
- Chapter 18: Monopolistic Competition
- Chapter 19: Kinked Demand Curves
- Special Markets and Topics
- Chapter 20: Backward-bending Labour Supply Curves
- Chapter 21: Location Theory: The Contributions of von Thünen and Lösch
- Chapter 22: Hotelling’s Model of Spatial Competition
- Chapter 23: Cobweb Diagrams
- Chapter 24: Reswitching and Reversing in Capital Theory
- Chapter 25: The Markowitz Mean-variance Diagram
- Chapter 26: Rent-seeking Diagrams
- Chapter 27: The Logistic Growth Curve
- Chapter 28: Graph Theory and Networks
- Basic Tools of General Equilibrium Analysis
- Chapter 29: Circular Flow Diagrams
- Chapter 30: The Unit Simplex
- Chapter 31: The Edgeworth Box
- Chapter 32: The Role of Numbers in Competition
- Chapter 33: Production Possibility Frontiers
- Chapter 34: The Utility-Possibility Frontier
- Chapter 35: The Factor Price Frontier
- Chapter 36: Pareto Efficiency
- Chapter 37: The Phase Diagram Technique for Analyzing the Stability of Multiple-market Equilibrium
- Chapter 38: The Theory of Second Best and Third Best
- Open Economies
- Chapter 39: The Offer Curve
- Chapter 40: The Stolper-Samuelson Box
- Chapter 41: The Lerner Diagram
- Chapter 42: The Trade Theory Diagram
- Chapter 43: The Four-quadrant Diagram for the Two-sector Heckscher-Ohlin Model
- Chapter 44: The Integrated World Equilibrium Diagram
- Chapter 45: The Optimal Tariff
- Macroeconomic Analysis and Stabilisation
- Chapter 46: Keynesian Income Determination Diagrams
- Chapter 47: The IS-LM Diagram
- Chapter 48: The Fleming-Mundell Diagram
- Chapter 49: The Aggregate Demand Aggregate Supply Diagram
- Chapter 50: The Phillips Curve
- Chapter 51: The UV or Beveridge Curve
- Chapter 52: The Demand Curve for Money
- Chapter 53: Non-neutrality of Money
- Chapter 54: The Laffer Curve
- Growth, Income Distribution and Other Topics
- Chapter 55: Intertemporal Utility Maximization – the Fisher Diagram
- Chapter 56: The Diagrams of the Solow-Swan Growth Model
- Chapter 57: The Lorenz Curve
- Chapter 58: Kuznets Curves
- Index

# Chapter 51: The UV or Beveridge Curve

#### Peter Rodenburg

### Monograph Chapter

- Published in print:
- 29 Oct 2010

- Category:
- Monograph Chapter

- Pages:
- (8 total)

## Extract

Peter Rodenburg DOW AND DICKS-MIREAUX’S UV CURVE The UV curve originates from the work of two British economists, Dow and Dicks-Mireaux (hereafter DDM). In their seminal 1958 paper they were interested in measuring excess demand in the goods market for the guidance of Keynesian fiscal policies. Since excess demand is unobservable, they suggested using data on vacancies and unemployment in the labour market as a proxy. The application of this simple idea was possible for Britain since the British Government had started collecting data on unfilled vacancies from notification at labour exchanges in 1946. DDM argue that, though the recording of vacancies at labour exchanges might be incomplete or faulty, the behaviour of vacancies relative to unemployment shows that vacancy statistics can be considered as rather reliable indicators. DDM presented the unemployment and vacancy data in an unemployment-vacancy (UV) space and connected successive observations (Figure 51.1). An important feature that DDM assumed about the behaviour of unemployment is that unemployment below a certain level would be decreasingly sensitive to demand. That is, a further increase in demand should lead to a disproportionately small decline in unemployment rates (and vice versa for vacancies). Following this rationale and based on the observations of Figure 51.1, (particularly the years 1951–56), DDM derive an idealized UV curve as a rectangular hyperbola (Figure 51.2). The idealized UV curve has the following features. Firstly, an inverse relation between vacancy and unemployment rates. When the economy is in recession (point 1), it experiences high unemployment rates...

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- Famous Figures and Diagrams in Economics
- Copyright
- Contents
- Figures
- Contributors
- Acknowledgements
- Introduction
- Basic Tools of Demand and Supply Curve Analysis
- Chapter 1: Marshallian Cross Diagrams
- Chapter 2: The Stability of Equilibrium
- Chapter 3: Indifference Curves and Isoquants
- Chapter 4: The Elasticity of Substitution
- Chapter 5: Substitution and Income Effects
- Chapter 6: Engel Curves
- Chapter 7: Homothetic Production and Utility Functions
- Chapter 8: Long-run and Short-run Cost Curves
- Chapter 9: The Product Exhaustion Theorem
- Chapter 10: Classification of Technical Change
- Chapter 11: Nash Equilibrium
- Welfare Economics
- Chapter 12: Consumer Surplus
- Chapter 13: The Harberger Triangle
- Chapter 14: Community Indifference Curves and the Scitovsky ‘Paradox’
- Chapter 15: The Taxation of External Costs
- Chapter 16: Monopoly and Price Discrimination
- Chapter 17: Duopoly Reaction Curves
- Chapter 18: Monopolistic Competition
- Chapter 19: Kinked Demand Curves
- Special Markets and Topics
- Chapter 20: Backward-bending Labour Supply Curves
- Chapter 21: Location Theory: The Contributions of von Thünen and Lösch
- Chapter 22: Hotelling’s Model of Spatial Competition
- Chapter 23: Cobweb Diagrams
- Chapter 24: Reswitching and Reversing in Capital Theory
- Chapter 25: The Markowitz Mean-variance Diagram
- Chapter 26: Rent-seeking Diagrams
- Chapter 27: The Logistic Growth Curve
- Chapter 28: Graph Theory and Networks
- Basic Tools of General Equilibrium Analysis
- Chapter 29: Circular Flow Diagrams
- Chapter 30: The Unit Simplex
- Chapter 31: The Edgeworth Box
- Chapter 32: The Role of Numbers in Competition
- Chapter 33: Production Possibility Frontiers
- Chapter 34: The Utility-Possibility Frontier
- Chapter 35: The Factor Price Frontier
- Chapter 36: Pareto Efficiency
- Chapter 37: The Phase Diagram Technique for Analyzing the Stability of Multiple-market Equilibrium
- Chapter 38: The Theory of Second Best and Third Best
- Open Economies
- Chapter 39: The Offer Curve
- Chapter 40: The Stolper-Samuelson Box
- Chapter 41: The Lerner Diagram
- Chapter 42: The Trade Theory Diagram
- Chapter 43: The Four-quadrant Diagram for the Two-sector Heckscher-Ohlin Model
- Chapter 44: The Integrated World Equilibrium Diagram
- Chapter 45: The Optimal Tariff
- Macroeconomic Analysis and Stabilisation
- Chapter 46: Keynesian Income Determination Diagrams
- Chapter 47: The IS-LM Diagram
- Chapter 48: The Fleming-Mundell Diagram
- Chapter 49: The Aggregate Demand Aggregate Supply Diagram
- Chapter 50: The Phillips Curve
- Chapter 51: The UV or Beveridge Curve
- Chapter 52: The Demand Curve for Money
- Chapter 53: Non-neutrality of Money
- Chapter 54: The Laffer Curve
- Growth, Income Distribution and Other Topics
- Chapter 55: Intertemporal Utility Maximization – the Fisher Diagram
- Chapter 56: The Diagrams of the Solow-Swan Growth Model
- Chapter 57: The Lorenz Curve
- Chapter 58: Kuznets Curves
- Index