Transport, the Environment and Security
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Transport, the Environment and Security

Making the Connection

Rae Zimmerman

From a primarily urban perspective, the author illustrates that the fields of transportation, environment (with an emphasis on climate change) and security (for both natural hazards and terrorism) and their interconnections remain robust areas for policy and planning. Synthesizing existing data, new analyses, and a rich set of case studies, the book uses transportation networks as a framework to explore transportation in conjunction with environment, security, and interdependencies with other infrastructure sectors. The US rail transit system, ecological corridors, cyber security, planning mechanisms and the effectiveness of technologies are among the topics explored in detail. Case studies of severe and potential impacts of natural hazards, accidents, and security breaches on transportation are presented. These cases support the analyses of the forces on transportation, land use and patterns of population change that connect, disconnect and reconnect people from their environment and security.
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Chapter 4: Planning, Technology and Behavior

Rae Zimmerman


Global climate change and other environmental issues have brought about new approaches to planning for and managing changes in transport in the form of technology for modes of transport and behavioral changes in how transport occurs. Each new environmental initiative brings with it a different set of planning and implementation programs. Climate change planning intersects with, builds on, and reinforces other major planning initiatives such as sustainability, smart growth and resilience that have forged extensive plans, partnerships, and consortiums, many of which potentially alter transport. The connections among these programs are often informal. Transport networks will potentially be shaped by mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adaptation to the many effects anticipated from the impact of climate change. Institutional mechanisms potentially play a key role in shaping the changes in these networks which will occur at many levels; at the level of the location and design of facilities, at larger scale land use changes, and as behavioral changes in the form of how people travel. Existing planning and policy frameworks by many governments are presented and how the transportation focus has been incorporated, emphasizing climate-related plans. Selected new technologies and the infrastructure to support new modes of travel build upon those presented in the previous chapter. Finally, street systems are presented as a common denominator to integrate transportation and other urban functions, including those related to the environment and security. PLANNING FOR AND MANAGING IMPACTS ON TRANSPORT Climate Change Planning: Governmental Initiatives International policies International policy has underscored the...

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