Conceptual and Methodological Advances
Edited by Frank Vanclay and Ana Maria Esteves
Chapter 11: Development-induced Community Resettlement 1
87 Displacement and Resettlement (www.displacement.net) has been established. Research institutions addressing development-induced resettlement include China’s National Research Centre for Resettlement at Hohai University and University of Oxford’s Refugee Study Centre. The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank house a large number of resettlement specialists. A series of reports from the World Bank are of particular importance (World Bank, 1980, 1993, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2004). Policy-relevant theoretical frameworks of the resettlement process A substantial body of policy-relevant theory exists on the global experience with development-induced and, more specifically, dam-induced involuntary community resettlement. I have combined two major theoretical frameworks into a single theory that also incorporates other important contributions (Scudder, 2005). Dating back to the late 1970s, the first is my four-stage framework which focuses on how a majority of resettlers can be expected to behave over two generations during a successful resettlement process that enables them to improve their livelihood and become project beneficiaries (Scudder, 1981, 1985, 1993, 1997a, 1997b, 2005; Scudder and Colson, 1982). The second framework, developed during the 1990s, is Cernea’s ‘impoverishment risks and reconstruction model’ (Cernea, 1996, 1997, 1999; Cernea and McDowell, 2000). The four-stage framework The four-stage framework involves: • • • • stage 1: planning for resettlement prior to physical removal; stage 2: coping with the initial drop in living standards that tends to follow removal; stage 3: initiation of economic development and community formation activities that are necessary to improve living standards of firstgeneration resettlers; stage 4: handing over a sustainable resettlement process to the second...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.