Chapter 3: The EU's Energy Union: focusing on security and diversification
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While the EU has had a climate agenda and emission reduction targets since the 1990s, the question of energy security largely dominated EU policy debates until the late 2010s. The 2014 Ukraine crisis, combined with the Union’s considerable reliance on gas and oil imports from Russia, further stimulated security-oriented discussions on energy. This chapter analyses debates concerning European energy security, with particular focus on the Energy Union strategy launched in 2015. It shows that, while it also included important climate-related components, the Energy Union agenda mostly focused on the security of supply. The implementation of the Southern Gas Corridor - one of the main import diversification projects supported by the Energy Union - is investigated as a prominent example of a geopolitical approach to energy policy.

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