Chapter 35: Discriminatory non-discrimination
Restricted access

National treatment is a core non-discrimination principle which sometimes has discriminatory effects. That avoidance can be legitimate and, as this chapter contends, sometimes not legitimate. The European Union (EU), for example, has used the creation of sui generis rights to avoid national treatment and this approach, in effect, it weaponises exceptions to national treatment. This chapter contends that sui generis claims to avoid national treatment obligations only work for the strong to exclude other strong competitors and tend to have adverse effects, both short and long term, on smaller and developing economies. For those reasons the chapter concludes that national treatment exceptions should be interpreted narrowly.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with your Elgar account