Conclusion: socialism in the mêlée
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Finally, four objections are discussed that keep cropping up in debates on socialism. Socialism is by no means old-fashioned; a socialist consciousness is inherent in the everyday worldviews of the younger generation. However, this consciousness can only be mobilised if socialism is not presented as a mere programme of renunciation, the implementation of which restricts the life plans of the least well-off. Even if the situation seems bleak, emancipatory politics must be wary of apocalyptic, doomsday scenarios. There is nothing to be said against striving for radical change within the framework of existing constitutions. However, self-defence against militant coup attempts by capitalist elites and their allies is justified. The (now failed) Chilean constitution would be an example of successful, sustainable socialist politics. However, the example also shows what makes emancipatory endeavours fail - socialists’ tendency towards self-righteousness, the sole possession of eternal truths, dogmatism and sectarianism.

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