The present chapter deals with the acceptance and the enforceability
of authentic instruments and with the enforceability of court
settlements. It mainly analyses Articles 59, 60, and 61 of
Regulation (EU) No 650/2012, also in light of pertinent Recitals.
Moreover, definitions provided for in Article 3(1)(h) and (i) of the
Regulation are considered. Besides the current wording of the
provisions, as they appear in the final version of the Regulation,
attention is paid also to how said provisions have changed in the
course of the legislative procedure that led to the adoption of the
Regulation, in particular Article 59. If the provisions concerning
the enforceability of authentic instruments and of court settlements
cannot be said to be particularly innovative, if compared to the
solutions adopted by previous EU-law instruments regulating
private-international-law matters, the same is not true of
provisions on the acceptance of authentic instruments. The latter
are highly innovative, if compared with previous EU-law instruments
on private-international-law issues, since they introduce rules on
the circulation within Member States of evidentiary effects of
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