Chapter 5: Dual-career expatriation: definitions and concepts
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In this chapter, we introduce definitions and concepts about dual-career expatriation. We include a brief history of early dual-career expatriation studies and a definition of the trailing spouse. We also discuss issues of construct clarity. We then review the literature to examine two types of dual-career couples: traditional dual-career expatriates in which there is a trailing spouse who has given up a career for their partner, resulting in one career having priority over the other, at least while abroad; and contemporary forms of global mobility that enable two sustainable careers but not necessarily while both partners are living abroad together as expatriates. As far as we are aware, no previous publication has provided a comparative review of these two forms of dual-career expatriation. Next, we give special consideration to the enduring absence of theoretical development as well as methodological challenges of expatriate dual-career research. We conclude with a detailed future research agenda calling for more studies on this important topic.

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