Chapter 9: Expatriate children: lessons learned from missionary kids (MKs)
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This chapter looks at missionary children in history, reviews the development of the Third Culture Kids/ Missionary Kids (TCK/MK) concept, and provides an overview of research on MKs from major sending countries. Implications for theory and practice, including recommendations for further research, are offered. By Missionary Kids we mean the children of families who have moved internationally for religious purposes. From the outset, we note that missionaries may originate from a range of faith traditions - Protestant Christian, Roman Catholic Christian, Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist, and so on. Because of the unavailability of research on missionary children in other world religions and the mostly celibate nature of Catholic mission, the discussion in this chapter is limited to Protestant Christian missionary families and children. We contribute to studies of expatriation in the international business domain by linking it with the literature relating to religious-based expatriation. Our review of missionary kids is an important step in bringing to the academy the richness of understanding the concept of family in global contexts, and in particular, the religious/ missionary domain.

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