Krijnen discusses the relationship between universities and academic freedom against the background of the market-oriented contemporary state of universities and he develops what he terms as a 'humanity-focused argument' which he draws from the school of philosophical idealism in order to establish a conception of what a university is and how academic freedom can be defined in terms of it. On the basis of this 'humanity' argument for the university, it becomes clear that academic freedom is the principle that undergirds teaching and research in a university. Finally, the consequences of marketisation for the issue of freedom of research are assessed, and the idea of public-interest science is canvassed as an alternative to both autonomous and market-oriented science, with particular consequences for the issues surrounding the funding of research.

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