Investigations into alleged violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law in armed conflict are crucial to the implementation of these bodies of law. There are however numerous legal and practical challenges which arise when considering a State's obligations under international law with regards to such investigations. These include establishing the bases and scope of the duty to investigate under both bodies of law, and determining the way in which these investigations must be carried out. Furthermore, addressing the framework for investigations in armed conflict necessarily requires examination of the interplay of IHL and IHRL. Focusing on the concept of effectiveness of investigations under international law, this chapter addresses the legal and practical challenges surrounding the conduct of investigations in armed conflict, taking into account the complementary way in which both bodies of law interact.
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