Evidence (Types of)
Restricted access

The Elgar Encyclopedia of Crime and Criminal Justice stands apart as the most comprehensive global reference title in its field. New entries will be added every month and PDF downloads will be available once the Encyclopedia is complete.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with your Elgar account