Chapter 2: Issue n. 1: the harmonisation language
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The first issue surrounding harmonisation as a concept lies with the term itself. While harmonisation is one of the most significant tools in the integration agenda of the European Union, what harmonisation means remains unclear. Although there is considerable scholarly literature on different aspects of harmonisation and while some scholars have sought to provide a definition of the tern, no consensus has emerged, and we are yet to fully comprehend the term 'harmonisation.' Understanding the concept and process of legal harmonisation should starts with understanding what the word itself means. However, this aspect is already thorny because the word 'harmonisation' has protean characteristics. An examination of EU primary and secondary law, as well as the literature around EU harmonisation uncovers several language issues due to: (i) a lack of definition of the term; (ii) an inconsistent use of key terminology; and (iii) the multilingual dimension of the EU and the need to translate documents in all official languages of the Union.

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