The European Union has always been a contested project, considered by some as a polity in a quasi-permanent state of crisis. At the time of writing, the European Union is grappling with the devastating effects of the outbreak of COVID-19 which has posed serious challenges to the public health sectors of Member States, as well as triggered socio-economic problems in the EU. It is against this background that the question of the meaning of harmonisation is revived, with the view to understand and explain a narrow, yet pertinent, aspect of the current turmoil affecting the EU. Nonetheless, this is exactly the right time to revisit the question of harmonisation. Underlying the various crises confronting the EU lies a problem very much intertwined with the matter of harmonisation, since European issues such as the legitimacy and validity of the EU, are particularly salient in times of crises, can probably be best identified by analysing the objections against private law harmonisation.
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