Chapter 5: Compliance mechanisms under treaties relating to protection of the marine environment
Restricted access

The number of treaties concluded for the purpose of marine environmental protection has expanded over the past decades, but these instruments will only have their intended effect if they are fully and effectively implemented by parties. Many treaties have established bespoke mechanisms to allow ongoing scrutiny of compliance. By carrying out a survey of practice across four fields of international marine environmental law, this chapter shows that there is no single model for compliance mechanisms, even though there are some common design features. At the same time, a study of the practical operation of compliance mechanisms also reveals that they tend to evolve over time in response to ongoing compliance challenges. In this context, there has been some cross-fertilisation between regimes in order to improve compliance. The chapter therefore seeks to identify certain lessons from existing practice in order to highlight future opportunities to strengthen compliance mechanisms.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with your Elgar account