International marine environmental law is characterised by a cross-sectoral and multi-layered structure which connects different branches of international law. The significant increase in the number of relevant treaties and concepts that has occurred in recent decades makes it essential to focus on the question of how the existing interactions between the different instruments and categories may best be tackled. This chapter addresses the legal machinery that governs, or influences, these interactions between individual sub-regimes and their actors. Its emphasis is less on the rules, principles and instruments dedicated to the protection and preservation of the marine environment themselves than on the legal links that contribute to a coherent regime. It demonstrates that Part XII of the LOSC, which can be described as the constitutional foundation of the international legal regime for marine environmental protection, offers various tools in order to achieve the objective of safeguarding coherence.
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