Improvisational action is frequently enacted in groups, which highlights the
importance of collective influencing factors. Like individual enablers,
collective enablers can also exert their influence on the occurrence of
improvisation, the quality of its results, or both. This chapter looks at
collective enablers, both at the group and organizational level. It
discusses aspects related to group and organizational culture, group
dynamics, organizational structure and design, and leadership. Like
individuals, some teams are better at improvisation than others, such as
those that are better trained to do so; also, some organizations are better
equipped to improvise than others, such as those with experimentation
friendly cultures. The chapter focuses on the collective characteristics
favoring the occurrence of organizational improvisation at various levels,
as well as those that promote its successful implementation.
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