This chapter summarizes the most significant predicted effects of climate change on agriculture and forestry and the changes in farming, ranching, and forestry technologies and other practices needed to address those impacts. It then analyzes barriers to implementing those changes and describe legal and institutional adaptation strategies that might help to address those challenges. No single strategy will achieve an optimal balance between adaptation and mitigation, between agriculture and forestry, and between short- and long-term adaptation approaches. Instead, laws, policies, and decision-making processes should focus on making the best decisions at any time and for any region, with participation by all affected stakeholders at varying levels (international, regional, national, and local). The process should also be sufficiently flexible to modify those decisions over time, as the effects of climate change progress, and as physical, political and economic, conditions evolve.
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