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Leave policies in the US are unique in providing 'family leave' that allows workers to take leave for a variety of caregiving reasons, but this does not necessarily mean that workers have equal access to all forms of caregiving leave – e.g., for new children, self-care, and eldercare. In this chapter, we compare types of paid leave and discuss how they evolved. We then use data from the 2017-2018 American Time Use Survey leave module to consider variations in access to different types of paid leave by sociodemographic characteristics. Results indicate that American workers are more likely to have access to paid sick leave and paid parental leave than paid leave for childcare or eldercare. Additionally, low-wage and part-time employees, workers in non-professional occupations, and non-unionized workers lack access to leave provisions to a larger extent than other workers.

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