In Chapter 1 (The elusive search for the minimum core of the right to health) I argue against the assumption according to which states are the only duty-bearers in charge of guaranteeing the minimum core of the right to health. My main contention is that the emphasis on state duties has obscured the fact that non-state actors such as transnational pharmaceutical companies can also be considered as duty-bearers in charge of materializing positive burdensome obligations alongside governments and international institutions. I also argue that the attempts to conceptualize the minimum core of the right to health have faced a paradoxical scenario; equating the minimum core with a subsistence-based set of state duties, centered on the provision of primary health care and a list of essential drugs, could deprive the right to health of its transformative potential.
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