Chapter 10: How unintended are these consequences? The changing environment for migration facilitation in Niger since 2015
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This chapter examines the role of the facilitators of irregular border crossing in the Sahel, with a specific focus on Niger. The chapter zooms in on the modus operandi of smugglers and other facilitators operating in Niger and provides insights into their evolving role since 2015. As criminalization of migration started to dominate cooperation frameworks between European donors and West African states, several measures were implemented that directly impacted migration ecologies in the region. As a result, smugglers adapted their way of working which in turn affected the experiences of migrants. The chapter is based on an analysis of emerging literature on the migration industry of Niger’s north and situates itself within the wider debates around the changing dynamics of irregular border crossings.

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