Chapter 22: Helping people feel that their future lies at home: the geopolitics of externalising irregular migration control in the European Union
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Since the 1980s, successive analysis has highlighted ways in which border control has moved away from the territory of the controlling state. Amongst other things, this involved the use of development assistance to address the ‘root causes’ of migration. External aspects of migration control in the European Union (EU) have developed further and repressive measures to prevent irregular migration are now legitimately defined as development assistance. The EU’s 2020 Pact on Migration and Asylum has the ambitious aim to ‘help people feel that their future lies at home’ which forms the title of this chapter. This marks a further evolution. Although this phrase is a comfortable euphemism for stopping people migrating the targeting of the ‘feelings’ of potential migrants can be traced through much contemporary funding to control migration through development. This opens the possibility of using the wider literature on geographies of affect to advance work on root causes.

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