Chapter 27: Autonomous and civic solidarity practices towards irregular migrants in Europe
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Taking a spatial approach, the chapter investigates spaces of solidarity and the resulting ways of organizing, the (re)shaping of communities, relating to the state (and other institutions), and the kind of alternatives they produce. Here I focus on two types of solidarity: autonomous solidarity and civic solidarity. The main argument here is firstly that the category of irregularity in itself is a policy construction which can be contested, and secondly that repressive and restrictive policy approaches on the national scale designed to not only limit and control irregular migration but also to make life difficult for irregular migrants residing within the countries are challenged through autonomous and civic solidarity practices within civil society. The chapter offers a short conceptual understanding of solidarity and illustrates how such practices play out in migrant squats in Athens, among Sub-Saharan African migrants in Hamburg and by the welcome refugee movement in Denmark.

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