Chapter 2: Action research as the social science of change and changing
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Action research is a form of research where action researchers intervene in organizations and community systems to address real issues and through that action cogenerate practical knowledge in collaboration with those who are affected by the issues. Within this paradigm, therefore, action research is grounded in the theory and practice of change and of changing. Section 1 provides a definition of action research, its foundations in organization development and change, its philosophies, ethics and quality criteria. Section 2 explores the practical side of designing and enacting action research, emphasizing the role played by the context, the quality of collaborative relationships and the engagement in the dual tasks of addressing the practical organizational issue and generating practical knowledge, and producing outcomes of value for the organization and robust knowledge for scholars.

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