Chapter 11: Using participatory mixed methods to study "grand challenges": an illustrative case of diversity, equity, and inclusion change research in organizations
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In this chapter, we introduce participatory mixed methods research (PMMR) as an important and suitable approach for tackling grand challenges that are dynamic and complex in nature, with a specific focus on diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) as one such challenge. PMMR can be described as a form of research approach that combines both quantitative and qualitative methods in ways that emphasize knowledge co-production and equitable collaboration between researchers and participants (Olson & Jason, 2016). We discuss how the guiding values and principles of PMMR are aligned with those that inform organizational development and change, including change in DEI. Next, we present an illustrative case to articulate how PMMR might be utilized to examine DEI change efforts in an organizational context. Building upon Israel et al.’s (2013) community-based participatory research framework, we outline a seven-phase process of conducting PMMR to guide doctoral students and junior scholars (and experienced researchers) toward understanding the theoretical underpinnings of PMMR and practical steps associated with the PMMR approach. We conclude the chapter by discussing possible barriers that researchers might encounter when using PMMR in organizational change research, along with key suggestions for overcoming or mitigating such barriers.

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