The discussion of the general model of social capital that I presented above was highly abstract. In order to think about how this model may be applied to sets of people in real-world circumstances, the remainder of this chapter will consider different situations in which we can think about social capital in terms of the causes and consequences laid out in this model. These situations are clearly not mutually exclusive: socioeconomic class and race or ethnicity overlap through racial and ethnic stratification. In looking at these real-world applications of the model of social capital, this chapter is particularly concerned with describing how social categories can become social groups and thereby generate varying amounts of social capital.
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