Only a few scholars base their vision for future social protection system on participation income (PI). Addressing ecological challenges, the new models of participation income extend the scope of analysis beyond the effects of technological changes in the labour market. Cristian P√©rez-Mu√±oz's model is built around civil service where participation income is an instrument for promoting voluntary work. Michael McGann and Mary Murphy develop PI as a form of green conditional basic income that is anchored in a capabilities-oriented eco-social policy framework. Sophie Swaton's proposal for an ecological transition income aims to facilitate ecological transitions through an environmental or social activity compatible with the limits of the biosphere. The models underline the fact that new social assistance programs should not only focus on traditional labour market effects but also consider larger societal and environmental impacts.
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