The question of how to find suitable employment for those whose jobs are expected to be replaced by machines, has become a pressing issue for social policy debates. The dystopian visions have called for social policies to protect people for the alleged devastating effects of predicted mass unemployment. All rich countries have social policy schemes which support people without gainful employment. Workers have come to rely on these schemes during times of crises on company level (e.g., factory closures) or on macro level (economic recessions). These schemes include unemployment benefit schemes and social assistance schemes. Universal basic income has been introduced as a new model to deal with technological unemployment.