Chapter 5: Non-discrimination in European social security law: exploring safeguards against gender and racial discrimination
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The guiding question of this chapter is if and how the principle of equal treatment offers protection against discrimination against disadvantaged groups. It will focus on the discrimination grounds of sex/gender, racial or ethnic origin and disability. The chapter will address two sets of legal instruments. The first consists of EU legal instruments adopted to give effect to the principle of equal treatment, what is known as ‘EU anti-discrimination law’, e.g. the Racial Equality Directive (2000/43). The second set of legal instruments concerns Article 18 TFEU and the equality clauses in the Residence Directive (2004/38) and the various migration directives. To what extent allow these provisions and regulations to take account of specific barriers faced by women, racial/ethnic minorities and persons with a disability?

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