Chapter 16: Cross-border healthcare and social security rights
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Two fundamental human rights, the right to health and the right to social security are interrelated. The right to healthcare (from public funds) is the concretisation of both. Geographical, timely, financial, procedural and informational access to healthcare has to be ensured and high-quality medical treatment provided to everyone under equal conditions. The way to achieve this goal is left to the Member States. Moreover, EU law offers distinctive possibilities for accessing cross-border healthcare at the account of public funds. One is by coordinating of social security systems and the other is by providing free movement of medical goods and services. They are distinct in personal and material scope and produce distinctive legal consequences. There are still some grey spots in cross-border healthcare, such as incomplete coverage, steering of patients towards private healthcare and limited access for non-moving patients. Could the European Health Union be a solution?

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