This chapter examines Norway's maritime boundaries across different oceans; the Norwegian Sea, the North Sea, the Icelandic Sea, and the Barents Sea. The northern European countries around the North Sea - Norway, the UK, Netherlands and Denmark - were among the first to push for an extension of maritime zones in the postwar period, during a time when this was becoming accepted around the globe. Having established an EEZ along its entire coast in 1976, Norway also decided to establish a fisheries protection zone (FPZ) around the Svalbard Archipelago in 1977.
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