Chapter 1: Introduction to the Research Handbook on Human Resource Management and Disruptive Technologies
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The past decades have witnessed the emergence of many technologies - such as artificial intelligence, online platforms, internet of things and social robots, to name but a few - that have fundamentally altered human resource management (HRM), work and performance management, work-life balance, organization dynamics and discussions about the future of work. The discussions they enforce are in some ways new, but in many ways they ring a strong bell of familiarity for those who have been in HRM practice and research for a longer time. To us, the main questions remain: How should HRM research and practice respond to the observation that the technologies are evolving rapidly and aggressively, with unclear trajectories into the future, when no one in the scholarly and practitioner community can easily make an overview of existing technologies? What are the general principles that have to be developed to design technological arrangements for management of people matters in organizations? These questions confront researchers around the world, and it is the objective of this handbook to offer insights into answering them both in general and with respect to specific emerging disruptive technologies. Our objectives are to help better understand the HRM challenges posed by disruptive technologies and to develop generalizable propositions to respond to them.

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