There may be numerous reasons why advanced societies in the West are
fragmenting along socio-economic lines but a curious question exists. Why is
Western liberal society, which since the end of World War II has become more
prosperous and socially equal, seemingly moving towards greater disharmony
and division? Specifically, how do political doctrines that ostensibly
promote dystopian and nihilistic visions exercise an appeal for political
movements in the liberal democratic West? The answer, this chapter posits,
is that that creating social discord possesses strategic utility for its
practitioners. It serves a number of important political purposes that
facilitate confrontation with the liberal state that is functionally
orientated around consensus seeking, grievance management, and internal
accommodation. The chapter disaggregates the political influence that
gathers to those who advance strategies of Manichean division in the West
and will demonstrate that this is an intentional outcome of the Maoist
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