The final chapter seeks to evaluate the question: how does this all end? What
is the trajectory that the strategy of Maoism is likely to take, and what
will be the cumulative impact upon western societies? A number of frames of
reference enable the exploration of some plausible scenarios. Firstly, based
on Mao's ideas of the permanent tension between contradictions, and the
necessity for constant vigilance to preserve ideological purity, how might
the Maoist construct play out in a purely theoretical sense? Secondly, can
we consider evidence from examples of how Maoist informed political
struggles have worked out in practice in different parts of the world?
Finally, by combining insights both the theoretical and practical frames of
reference, an assessment of what current trends portend for the western
polity can be offered. The chapter contends that the crucial question
western societies must confront is whether, in the long run, democratic
states can re-contain Maoist ideology within a liberal consensus? The
question is dependent on whether those societies are able to retain the
commitment to defend the principles that allow open and genuinely
pluralistic societies to flourish. The alternative is to continue to indulge
Maoist intrusions, and their preference for purification and rectification,
in the public sphere and, increasingly, into the private realm as well.
Without a willingness to defend the established liberal democratic
practices, foreshadows only the likelihood of social breakdown and an appeal
to new forms authority, which has been the fate of those who have had the
misfortune to endure Maoist policies of cultural revolution.
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